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tv   BBC World News  PBS  July 25, 2011 5:00am-5:30am EDT

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>> this is "bbc world news." funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. and union bank. >> union bank has put it global expertise to work for a wide range of companies. what can we do for you? >> and now, "bbc world news."
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>> the norwegian gunman in friday's attacks is expected to plead not guilty in court in a couple of hours' time. a nation mourns. there will be a minute silence for the victims of friday's attacks. massive and urgent action is needed to help those suffering from the drought in east africa. that's what aid experts are hearing as they meet in rome. welcome to "bbc world news." i'm geeta guru-murthy. also in this program -- speaking out for the first time, the hotel maid who accused the former chief of the i.m.f. and it's building the world's biggest telescope, why chile is he emerging as a global center for astronomers. >> the man charged with the
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mass murder in norway on friday has said that he wants to explain his actions when he appears in court in a couple of hours' time. the lawyer for anders behring breivik says his client admits carrying out the car bombing in oslo and the shootings on a nearby island, but he does not believe he deserves punishment. norway is to hold a minute silence in about an hour to remember those killed in the attacks. the bbc's john graves has this report for us. >> if anders behring breivik wanted the world's attention, today he will certainly have it. in a courtroom in oslo, the 2-year-old is expected to explain what motivated him to kill nearly 100 of his countrymen. he's already told his lawyer he wanted to transform the western world. >> what he said is that he wanted a change in society and that this, in his view, in his head, must happen through a revolution. >> three days after the attacks, the final death toll
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isn't yet known. in the waters around the island of utoeya, searches are still continuing for those unaccounted for. the boats have been plying these waters since late on friday, but the failure to find the bodies of the last few victims is proving highly frustrating. >> if we find any in the water, we don't expect them to be alive, but we want them for the parents. >> and how difficult is it for the parents waiting here? >> oh, can you imagine? they're missing their children, and it's their everything. >> norway's biggest peacetime attack has also taken its toll on the police officers whose job it is to investigate them. >> the police are trained to handle this, but this is so big and it was so many youngsters that was killed, so i think it's very difficult that they are taking care of each other, they are talking, debriefing
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every night, and we'll manage. >> despite admitting the attacks, anders breivik is expected to deny criminal responsibility when he appears in court. the stunned nation will be listening closely to his every word. >> well, we're just going to bring some pictures that have come in to us from norway that were taken just a few minutes after the actual attack, the bomb blast that hit oslo, and these are -- these are live pictures we're bringing you. first of all, they came to us from norway of people scattered, it looks like, in remembrance in the country. well, let's speak now to the former prime minister of the country, now the secretary general of the council of europe. thanks very much indeed for joining us. first of all, your report on
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this attack, so many young people, innocent people killed in this way. >> yes, it's getting worse and worse for us to think about what has happened, but i would also like to say that the best in the norwegian society have been truly mobilized. there is no want for revenge, only solidarity with all the victims and their families and their friends. and people are demonstrating against racism. and i would also like to say that it's very impressive to see that the nordic neighboring countries are joining us very much. for instance, they have their minute of silence also in order, and it only underlines
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what is happening here. >> and how important do you think the political climate is in an attack like this? because it was reported that the whole problem with extremists was thought to have been put behind norway. do you think there is a real problem lurking which the authorities haven't detected so far? >> i think this is one of the questions that we have to put and give an answer to. what is clear is that we cannot afford any longer to exclude that this is a real problem in our society and that it can also be an international, what can i say, network working in the same direction. i hesitate to say that this is a right-wing thing we are facing, because this cannot be
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connected to any ideology that we have been acquainted with in the last 100 years. because it belongs to the same attitudes that we have seen in al qaeda and other terrorist organizations. so the closest we can come to this, the definition of it, is a kind of nationalism, and we know from the past that any nationalism leads to something very bad. it comes from something very bad, and it leads to something very bad. >> we're seeing a sea of flowers and people gathering outside of the live pictures coming in as we speak to you. the whole problem of xenophobia in europe now, do you think
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politicians need to step up and tackle this much more head on? >> yes, i think we need to speak up much more clear against this and also to explain to people that diversity, cultural diversity -- we department only live with it, we should also try to benefit from this cultural diversity that we have in europe,actually all in europe, and it has been the challenge for europe always, but it is even more the situation now that we have different culture, different religion, different ethnic groups which we have to unite much more, and i think what can unite us is the common values that is in trying the european convention for human
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rights. >> i'm afraid we'll have to leave it there, former prime minister of norway, many thanks indeed for joining us. we do appreciate your time in this very difficult moment for the country. we can see pictures coming in live from oslo. there are flowers by the cathedral and lots of people gathered, many of them in tears in that city center. we will be taking you live back to the country for that minute of silence at the top of the next hour. let's get more news now. reports from burma say a meeting is underway before the pro-democracy leader and the government minister. it's the first time she's met a government minister since she was released from house arrest. several times during the 15 years she spent in detention. state media in syria is reporting that the government has passed an order that allows the formation of political parties other than the ruling baath party.
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a multiparty system, as well as a main demand for protesters has been out on the streets throughout the country since march. the baath party hobb in power for almost half a century. australia wants to exchange resettle 4,000 registered refugees in malaysia. it aims to curb the dangerous boat journeys. police in mexico say they have rescued 20 young women they say has been kidnapped by drug gangs. more than 1,000 people were arrested during a two-day operation. tim geithner warning today has to be the day. sorry. >> yes, the clock is ticking. this is, of course, the deadline to raise the ceiling on the u.s. debt, currently at $14.3 trillion. they have raised it 76 times in the last 20 years, so there
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seems no reason why they wouldn't do that. but as i say, the clock is ticking. you also have some of the ratings agencies say even if they do come to agreement, it would necessarily look at america's credit rating. you've got to look at that and say this is coming up to election, and the president certainly doesn't want to be the president that, on his watch, america loses the a.a.a. credit rating, that valued, that prized rating. it is china which is one of the largest holders of u.s. foreign debt, it holds $1.16 trillion in u.s. foreign debt. it says it's quite confident that an agreement will be reached. >> and tauging of debt, greece. everyone's sort of built in the fact there will be a default. >> moody's has cut its credit rating, greece's credit rating, still further. it's just three notches below a default. however, looking beyond that, we kind of expected that, and this is more technical. moody's has said that it does
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seem -- it does see prospects going forward. >> well, thanks very much indeed. now, massive and you are why not action is needed to help deal with the tragedy in africa. that's according to the head of the food and agricultural organization. comments came as the u.n. body began talks in rome. meanwhile, the world's bankers announced plans to buy more than $500 million to try to relieve the crisis. more than 11 million people are affected in the region, and famine has been declared in two areas of somalia. the bbc's andrew harding is in southwestern somalia, where basic food supplies are getting through, but much more is still needed. >> we're in southwestern somalia. it's a pocket of relative stability in this country, and that's why all these people are coming here, many of them watching, many of them hitching rides on donkey tops, on vehicles to get here, to get this aid, which is slowly starting to arrive.
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humanitarian communities managing at last to get the necessary aid into at least part of somalia. you can see families here starting to take oil and other basic food supplies up. the problem, though, is finding a way to keep these people in their homes in the first place, to stop this flood, this constant flood of 1,700 people arriving here every day. and that means getting aid deeper into somalia, into the famine zone itself, into areas controlled by al shabbat. now, it's not impossible. aid is getting through. some organizations have a relationship with individual commanders on the ground, in shabbat-controlled areas. but it's very slow, it's very complicated, and for the humanitarian community, it is very dangerous. >> andrew harding there in southwestern somalia. our correspondent is in rome. david, what has been said at that conference so far? are people optimistic they're going to get the funds that are
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so needed? >> well, the french agriculture minister who opened the proceedings painted an apocalyptic picture of the situation in the horn of africa. he said that this famine could be the scandal of the 21st century, and he said the delegates meeting here this morning must realize that they are discussing a matter of life and death for tens of thousands of people. but i think the most interesting development so far is that the head of the world food program, who just returned from the horn of africa to report to this emergency meeting, has announced that the shipments of aid will be airlifted beginning tomorrow, tuesday, from europe to mogadishu and to two other places in the horn of africa. one town in northern kenya and another in the border between
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ethiopia and somalia. so food aid, massive shipments are going to start as early as this week. >> ok, some positive news coming out of that conference, thanks very much indeed. you are watching "bbc world news." still to come -- speaking out for the first time. we hear from the hotel maid who accused the former chief of the international monetary fund of attempting to sexually assault her. >> 4 1/2 months after the fukushima power station was crippled by the earthquake and tsunami, workers are still trying to cool the reactors. the government is now allowing local people to make a brief visit home. our correspondent, roland buerk, traveled along with one group. >> not long ago, no one here could have imagined they'd need a radiation suit just to go home. but these are people who live near the fukushima nuclear
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plant. they're being allowed back for just a few hours to see the places they left behind. >> so this is our destination. the fukushima nuclear power plant is only about three or four kilometers from here. you can't see the radiation, but it is all around us. >> the people have come to remember their dead. loved ones lost in the tsunami, those still missing, only the buddhist priest left his face uncovered. for him, fate was protection enough. a angry about what happened to your town? >> yes, lots of thoughts running through my mind. but we have to reveal this in
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the future and get back to how things were before or even better. but rebuilding will have to wait. cleaning up under the nuclear power station could take years. it will be a long time before the people are together again. roland buerk, bbc news, inside the fukushima exclusion zone. >> a leader of the croatian serbs during the balkans wars is expected to make an initial appearance before the hague later today. he was arrested in serbia last week. >> this is "bbc world news." the headlines for you now -- the norwegian government is is -- the norwegian expert is expected to plead not guilty. the world government has promised half a billion dollars to try to help victims in africa.
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the hotel maid who accused the former chief of the international monetary fund of attempting to sexually assault her in new york says she wants him to be sent to jail. in her first public statement on the case, the woman, nafissatou diallo, says she's telling the truth about the encounter with dominique strauss-kahn strauss in may. her statement comes as the authorities are considering whether to drop the charges against him because of concerns over her credibility. here's a report from abc news. >> this is the first time we're seeing her face. perhaps you've never even heard her name before. nafissatou diallo is the woman we simply came to know as the hotel maid who accused dominique strauss-kahn strauss of attempted rape. she's ending her silence with an exclusive tv interview with "good morning america's" robin roberts. why anyway? i never want to be in public, she says, but i have no choice. now i have to be in public. i have to for myself. i have to tell the truth. and what does she want to see
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happen? i want justice, i want him to go to jail. i want him to know there are some places you can't use your money, you cannot use your power when you do something like this. after her initial accusation, there were reports she lied on anas lum application and other discrepancies that cast doubt on her account. but in her interview with abc and with christopher dickie of "newsweek," who got the exclusive print interview, she stuck by her story. >> when she's talking about strauss-kahn's attack, she wasn't weeping, and it was -- i would say there was about as much anger as there was sadness. >> he describes her not only as the proud mother of a 15-year-old girl, but as someone who took great pride in her job. >> if you know people who are challenged in different ways intellectually, ill lit rated, living on the edge of society, they cling to something that gives them dignity and honor. and i don't know. it makes me emotional, but it's
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so sad. her whole life was built around being a maid at the sofitel. and that then makes her account where she says, i thought i was going to lose my job. incredible. >> strauss-kahn's attorney says she has an ulterior motive in coming forward, saying in a statement, her lawyers know that her claim for money suffers a fatal blow when the criminal charges are dismissed, as they must be. >> let's get more now from norway. the man accused of killing more than 90e people in two attacks on friday is due to appear in court this morning. let's go live to our correspondent. john, the judge has what looks like a difficult decision as to whether to allow these hearings to be held in public or not. >> oh, it's an incredible dilemma. you just think of the pain that the norwegian people have been
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through over the weekend, and it's appalling tragedy that has befallen this small nation. now the anguish of this particular court case where anders behring breivik made the demand, the right to be able to speak in court, in which case it could be relaid live around norway, live around the world, so that he could propagate his views that we've seen in some of the internet pages that he has posted, his extreme right-wing views, his justification, why it was necessary to kill people, why you had to kill more people rather than fewer if you wanted to start a revolution. and yet, norwegian law suggests that he is able to do that. and you can imagine the discomfort, the profound discomfort this is causing the norwegian people. >> the cold-blooded nature of this is so incredibly chilling still to read about today, john. what do you think is the mood of people there and whether this court case should be
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publicized or not? because obvious the company is known for being very open. >> well, that is, in a sense, the dilemma. so, on the one hand, you have got the politicians rightly understandably turning around and saying, you know, one person is not going to be able to deflect a liberal society. on the other hand, you have got the revulsion, and it's kind of a word that even that doesn't do justice to the sense of shock that people feel. the revulsion of the norwegian people over what has happened, and the appalling prospect of him being given another platform to say these things. but because norway is an open and liberal society, you can't suddenly change the law to prevent him. now, i suspect what will happen is the judge can rule about whether this is an open or closed hearing, and he might insist on it, but i'm sure they'll find a reason it's a closed hearing, in which case, if it's straight forward, just
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like you would get in a lot of other countries, this is just a pretrial hearing where all that is effectively happening is his appearing before the court to set the date when he will next appear until eventually you come to the trial date. we're still a long way away from that, because there's still so much more forensic evidence that needs to be gathered. but it is a difficult situation. >> john in oslo, thanks very much indeed. we will be bringing you the one-minute silence due at the top of the next hour live here on "bbc world news." now, last month, the skies over southern chile were turned a murky shade of gray by the ash from the volcano. but in the north of the country, the skies are usually amongst the clearest in the world, and that's one of the reasons why the area is rapidly becoming a global attraction for astronomers. our reporter went to one of the laboratory high up in the andes mountain to have a look. >> this observatory, if you recognize it, it's made because
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part of the james bond film, "quantum of solace," was filmed here. when it's not playing host to british secret agents, this place is home to some serious stargazers. these telescopes are among the most powerful in the world, and it changes the way we look at the heavens. >> we are actually able to see the black hole at the center of the galaxy and also see the good. >> and there have been other discoveries. it was with images taken here that astronomers worked out the age of the oldest star in the milky way. it's more than 13 billion years old. the scientists here want more, and that's why they're planning to build an even bigger telescope out in the desert just a few kilometers from here. it will be the size of a football pitch, and when this
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giant dome opens up, it will reveal an eye on the sky measuring 40 meters from one side to the other. that's almost four times bigger than any other telescope currently in operation. this is what the new telescope will look like. the images will be 15 times sharper than those from the hubble space telescope. scientists are confident that within the next 25 years or so, it will lead to the discovery of life on planets other than our own. but it's not the only ambitious space project in chile. the world's largest radio telescope is also being built near here. once an international pariah, chile now has the infrastructure and the political and economic stability that's essential for these long-term, billion-dollar projects. it also has the perfect natural environment. >> this is really the dream place to be for an astronomer. it has the best skies. it has the clearest number of
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nights. and really, if you want to do modern and you want to do it, you have to do it in chile. >> a dazzling place by day, it's at night that it really comes into its own. the telescopes open up like flowers, the stars come out. it's the kind of place that invites reflection on our place in the universe and on whether we really are alone. no one knows the answer to that, but here, the telescopes are being built which might one day help us find out. giddeon long, bbc news, at the parynell observatory. >> much more, of course, at the website, more on our top story there, the norwegian gunman in friday's twin attacks will plead not guilty in court in about an hour and a half's time. these are the pictures come in at the cathedral in oslo. people gathering to mourn. a one-minute silence coming up.
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>> make sense of international news at >> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. and union bank. >> union bank has put its global financial strength to work for a wide range of companies. what can we do for you?
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